Learn about landing procedures
There are 3 landing procedures, and their use is entirely dependent on weather criteria. Prevailing weather conditions dictate the use of a procedure and all aircraft respect these criteria.
In 2018: 61% VOR A, 24% ILS, 15% VOR B
RNAV A (VOR A) procedure in easterly wind and good visibility
Implementation of the RIVIERA procedure in 1994 enabled airport approach without flying over the cities of Cannes, Vallauris and Antibes (city centre and cape). For security reasons, this indirect procedure can only be used when visibility is good. For the RNAV A procedure to be used, visibility must be superior to 10 km and the cloud base must be higher than 900 metres. These meteorological conditions are common in Nice and allow the RNAV A procedure to be used often.
RNAV Z/Y (ILS) procedure in easterly wind and poor visibility
All large airports have a direct approach procedure, which enables safe landing even in adverse weather conditions. At Nice, the East-West landing path is equipped with such a system and allows for landing in poor visibility and a low cloud ceiling.
This procedure begins at around 20 km beyond the runway extension and directs aircraft to fly near the east of Cannes and Vallauris and to fly over Antibes city centre.
Residents living under flight paths must, of course, endure noise pollution created by aircraft. Airlines have been asked to adopt noise abatement flight procedures (moderate speed, late gear and flap extension, etc.).
RNAV D (VOR B) procedure in westerly wind
The West-East landing path cannot always be used, due to wind: in westerly wind, landing must be carried out on the East-West path: in this case, the RNAV D procedure is used. However, because of the large relief situated at the north-east of the airport (Mont-Boron, Mont Alban), it is not possible to land in this direction following a direct approach.
The current RNAV D landing procedure involves an initial approach off of Cape Ferrat, and then carrying out a manoeuvre enabling landing.