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Luxembourg: A Small Country Hiding Countless Treasures

You can't possibly get bored in Luxembourg. If there was ever a country of contrasts, this is it: small in size, but offering huge cultural diversity; with fascinating historical roots, but resolutely modern; a land of valleys and plateaux; and at its heart, a constant blend of local particularities and the unbelievable cultural contributions of the many nationalities who live there. Whatever your interests, Luxembourg has something for you.

A fascinating capital, lavish nature, and dizzying cultural variety

With over 68% of its residents coming from 155 different countries, Luxembourg City, the capital, is a true European microcosm. As the headquarters of several European institutions (on the famous Kirchberg Plateau), over the years it has become a major economic, financial and banking centre. Around the capital, Bambësch and Gréngewald forests are perfect for relaxing walks, whilst the Valley of the Seven Castles will transport you back in time.

If you want to venture a little further, you'll be spoilt for choice:

In the north of the country, the Ardennes (Éislek) and the Our and Upper Sûre natural parks are ideal places to relax, or to enjoy numerous activities (hiking, mountain biking, water sports, etc.). And after getting back to nature, use your evenings to admire medieval castles, or attend one of the many cultural events taking place all year round.

In the east of the country, Mullerthal, often called Luxembourg's Little Switzerland because of its landscape of valleys, is great for hiking, bike rides, climbing, or even an exciting trip back to the age of chivalry, by visiting Larochette Castle or Beaufort Castle.

Wine lovers can opt for a trip along the Moselle river, to sample renowned crémants and dry white wines. Those with a passion for European politics should make time to stop in Schengen, where the famous agreements on the free movement of goods and people were signed in 1985 and 1990.

Finally, the Red Lands region in the South bears witness to the country's industrial culture. In the 19th century, mining of iron ore (which gives the region's earth its bright red colour) contributed to Luxembourg's economic expansion. The Fond-de-Gras Industry Park, and for children the Parc Merveilleux de Bettembourg , will help you discover this mining heritage.

10 Must-Sees in Luxembourg


The Fortress of Luxembourg, a Unesco World Heritage Site, tells of an eventful and turbulent history.

Luxembourg old town, also a Unesco World Heritage Site.

The casemates, an extraordinary 23km network of underground passages in the city's rocks. Unique in the world, they are part of the legendary fortress-city's glorious past.

The Kirchberg Plateau, European political centre.

The Valley of the Seven Castles: across 24km, the Mersch, Schoenfels and Hollenfels castles, the two castles of Ansembourg, Septfontaines Castle and the ruins of Koerich Castle blend harmoniously into a landscape of prairies and old villages.

The Pétrusse Valley and its magnificent parks, in the heart of the city.

The Mullerthal region, or Luxembourg's Little Switzerland, for its forests, rocky landscapes and waterways.

The Moselle and its unmissable wine trail.

The Ardennes region for its lakes, natural parks and castles.

The Parc merveilleux de Bettembourg (in the Red Lands region), is great fun for kids. On a train billowing out steam, they can discover the underground passages and old mines of Rumelange.

A land of many flavours

From local products to world food, your taste buds will be in heaven. Luxembourg's gastronomy is the product of a subtle alliance between small local producers and the traditions and specialities brought by food-lovers from all around Europe. Luxembourg Kuddelflek, marinated herring, ham in pastry, Riesling trout, pork aspic, or even "gromperekichelcher" (potato pancakes): there is a huge range of flavours. And to wash it all down, what better than one of the excellent wines or crémants of which the country's producers are so proud?

Cultural Events

In February, on the first Sunday of Lent, don't miss the traditional "Buergsonndeg" bonfire festival, when a wooden cross is burned to mark the end of winter and the coming of spring.

In March-April, there is an excellent jazz and world music festival, the Printemps Musical.

From May to June, Echternach International Festival features exceptional musicians and singers. Some of the biggest names have performed there since 1975.

From June to September, it's "Summer in the City". Markets, concerts, open-air cinema and exhibitions: the whole city comes alive for the season.

In September, the Wine and Grape Festival is the chance to discover and taste Luxembourg's world-famous wines and crémants.

In December, Christmas markets transform the Place d'Armes, the Place de la Constitution and the Place de Paris into a real winter wonderland! Toys, ornaments, sweets and hot drinks (don't forget to try the famous "Glühwäin" or mulled wine): all the ingredients you need for a truly traditional Christmas market experience!

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